Art History: Issue 2
A bi-weekly newsletter to help you learn about the artists who made an impact in art history. This week we discuss Vincent van Gogh.
The first issue of our newsletter was a success. We had a very high open and response rate. So, based on the email metrics, I believe that we are on the right track in serving you with the right information.
We had a survey on which famous artist you would like to learn about this week. Vincent van Gogh was the winner! Yippee. I am looking forward to discussing this talented yet troubled artist who cut off his ear. Crazy, right?
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Madame Gautreau (Madame X) (c. 1883) by John Singer Sargent
John Singer Sargent painted a portrait of Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau, a young socialite and the wife of French banker Pierre Gautreau, as Madame X. The painting is an examination of conflict.
A woman is depicted by Sargent posing in a black satin dress with jeweled straps, a dress that both reveals and conceals. The portrait is distinguished by the subject's pale skin tone in contrast to the background's and dress's dark hues. Sargent experienced a brief setback in France as a result of the controversy surrounding the painting's controversial reception at the Paris Salon of 1884, but it's possible that it paved the way for his later success in Britain and America.
The model was an American expat who settled in France and married a French banker. She rose to fame in Parisian high society for her beauty and her alleged extramarital affairs. She took great pride in her appearance and wore lavender powder. She was referred to as a "professional beauty," an expression used in the English language to describe a woman who uses her talents to advance in society.
Artists were drawn to her because of her unusual beauty; according to American painter Edward Simmons, he "could not stop stalking her as one does a deer." Sargent was equally astounded and believed that a portrait of Gautreau would attract considerable interest at the upcoming Paris Salon and spur demand for portrait commissions.
He expressed the following in a letter to a friend: "I really want to paint her portrait because I believe she would agree and is waiting for someone to suggest this tribute to her beauty. You could mention that I am a man of prodigious talent to her if you are "bien avec elle" and will run into her in Paris."
Gautreau turned down numerous similar requests from other artists, but in February 1883, she agreed to Sargent's proposal. Like Gautreau, Sargent was an expatriate, and their cooperation has been seen as being driven by a common desire to achieve high status in French society.
Portrait of Madame X - Wikipedia. (1884, January 1). en.wikipedia.org. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Madame_X
Artist: Vincent van Gogh
Born: March 30, 1853
Location: Groot-Zundert, The Netherlands
Died: July 29, 1890
Art period: Post-Impressionism
Who was Vincent van Gogh?
The life of Vincent van Gogh is quite a tragic tale. He may be known as one of the most important painters in art history, but he has had many setbacks during his lifetime. He has had problems with his mental health, financial stability, and self-mutilation. He is known as one of the greatest painters in history. During his lifetime, Vincent painted 800 oil paintings and 700 drawings. Most of his famous artworks came in the last three years of his life. He died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Who influenced the artistic style of Vincent van Gogh?
What have I found Interesting about the artist’s life?
He only sold one painting when he was alive.
Now his paintings go for hundreds of millions of dollars. I am sure he would be happy to know from his grave that his art is finally appreciated
Why did Vincent van Gogh cut his ear off?
The relationship between Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin was strange and complicated. The exact sequence of events that led to his ear mutilation is unknown. Gauguin later stated that the night came after several instances of physically threatening behavior.
The two men were locked in the Yellow House for several days due to heavy rain.
Gauguin recalled that Van Gogh followed him after he left for a walk and "rushed towards me, an open razor in his hand.
Following an altercation on the evening of December 23, 1888, Van Gogh returned to his room, where he allegedly heard voices and either completely or partially severed his left ear with a razor, causing severe bleeding.
He bandaged the wound, wrapped the ear in the paper, and delivered the package to a woman at a brothel frequented by both Van Gogh and Gauguin.
Van Gogh had no recollection of the event, implying that he had a severe mental breakdown.
Where was Vincent van Gogh born?
Groot-Zundert, The Netherlands.
Zundert is a municipality and town in the province of North Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, bordering Belgium.
The famous painter Vincent van Gogh was born in Zundert and spent his childhood there. On March 30, 1853, he was born in a small house on Zundert's main street, "Markt 29." The former house was demolished because it was too dilapidated to save, but a plaque commemorating his birth remains at this location. The renovation of the house at Markt 29 and the neighboring house began in May 2007. The Vincent van Gogh House reopened in August 2008 following renovations.
Where did Vincent van Gogh die?
Auvers-sur-Oise is a commune in France's northwestern outskirts. It is 27.2 kilometers (16.9 miles) from the center of Paris. This place is associated with several well-known artists. This place is also where Vincent van Gogh died, evidently by suicide.
How did Vincent van Gogh Die?
Vincent van Gogh, a Dutch post-Impressionist painter, died in the early morning of July 29, 1890, in his room at the Auberge Ravoux in the northern French village of Auvers-sur-Oise. Van Gogh had been shot two days before, either by himself or by accident.
Adeline Ravoux, the innkeeper's 13-year-old daughter, vividly remembered the events of July 1890.
Van Gogh left the inn after breakfast on July 27. Given the artist's regular schedule, the family became concerned when he did not return by dusk. He finally arrived after dark, probably around 9 p.m., clutching his stomach.
Adeline's mother inquired if there was a problem. As he climbed the stairs to his room, Van Gogh began to answer with difficulty, "No, but I have..." Her father thought he heard groans and went to find Van Gogh curled up in bed. When asked if he was sick, Van Gogh showed him a wound near his heart and explained that he had set out for the wheat field where he had recently been painting and attempted suicide by shooting himself.